What is Option Trading Meaning, Advantages & Strategy

specific price

Now, let’s assume that the call option purchased by Mr. Ponting was sold by Mr. Malinga . In the same way if Mr. Ponting wants to buy a call option, then someone must sell it to him. There are two ways by which call options can be sold – naked call option and covered call option. Limited profit as price decreases will eventually be arrested at zero. Profit is unrestricted since there is no ceiling to price rise.

For a Put option buyer, an option is in the money if the strike price is higher than the price of the underlying. In this case, as the strike price of 28 is less than the CMP of the underlying, which is 35, and thus the option is rendered worthless for him. Maximum profit is attained when the price of the underlying is higher than the strike price of the Call option. Loss is incurred when the price of the underlying is less than its purchase price adjusted for premiums received. The call option is out of cash when the existing market price is less than the exercise strike price.

How are Options Contract Priced?

Options can hedge Long-term stock investments at a reasonable cost. In a nutshell, the option writer has taken on the risk of a rise in the index for a sum of Rs 30 per share. Further, while your losses are limited to the premium that you pay and your profit potential is unlimited, the writer’s profits are limited to the premium and his losses could be unlimited.

The correct question is “When do you win ? ” , so the answer is , you win when your options go upto , STRIKE + PREMIUM . Thats where you break even and when prices move about that , you win . If you have sold the call option , then you are out of the option and now whatever happens in expiry has nothing to do anything with you . But suppose you have not sold your option , then at the end of the expiry , whatever is the option value at the end will be your worth – like if its worth 4850 , then its worth is Rs 50 , then you have no profit no loss ..


The following are the types of option trading strategies that every trader must know. Lastly, are you playing for a rise in volatility or fall in volatility in the market? If you are playing for a rise in volatility, then buying a put option is the better choice.

Investors lapped up such bonds as they paid a high interest for a tenure of 10 years. Whenever your implieds are different, then you might need to do more work to identify the reason behind the imbalance. However, interest and dividends are the most obvious culprits that make the call and put options to have different IVs. Please note that the interest rate assumptions can vary over expirations, stocks, and strikes. When you buy a put option, you bet that the value of the underlying stock will decrease.

Call and Put Option-Option Trading Basic Fundamental Theory

These contracts are traded on stock exchange and is regulated by the Market Regulator Securities & Exchange Board of India . If you follow a disciplined approach and strategy while trading, a good amount of money can be made by trading options. One of the main advantages of buying Put Options is that it gives investors the opportunity to speculate on securities that they feel may decline in price. A Call buyer enters the position when the stock market is bullish.

Wrong timing means that the buy call option meaning price does not move or does not move substantially when the deadline has arrived. When we buy a call option, it seems like we are agreeing that we are willing to pay the price that being asked to acquire a contractual right. The right provided that we may buy 100 units of share of stock at a specified fixed price per share, and this right exists at the time we purchased the option until the deadline of the option. Within the time we purchased the option until the deadline of the option, if the stock price goes up more than the fixed price indicated in the option agreement, this call option will become more valuable. Just think that we buy a call option that granting us the right to buy 100 units of shares at the price of USD 70 per share.

In this case, the call option functioned as a hedge against market risks. Before understanding European and American call option, let us first understand the concept of exercise of call option. When you buy a call option, you have two choices in front of you. Either you can reverse a call option in the market or you can go to the exchange and exercise the call option. An option that can only be exercised on the settlement date is called a European option while an American option can be exercised on or before the settlement date.

Chapter 2.6: Understanding How Call Options Work

https://1investing.in/s are economic contracts that provide purchasers with the right but not the duty to purchase a specific at a predetermined price and date. Put, and calls provide the foundation for various trading, revenue, and speculative investment options. While there are several ways to benefit from options, traders should carefully consider the danger.

  • This commodity or stock is an underlying asset and the specified price is called the strike price.
  • This strategy is for those who believe that there will be a large price movement in the stock price.
  • It assures that investors will be able to purchase or sell the stock at a striking price at any moment prior to the option contract expires, depending on the kind of option utilized.

It is the price where trader is neither earning nor losing any money. The types of options we’ve discussed so far derive their value from underlying securities. A security is a fancy term for stocks, bonds, commodities, and other financial instruments that have a monetary value. If you’re wondering when a trader would typically buy a call option, it’s simple – when they expect the price of the underlying security to rise due to a future event, say for example an earnings call or acquisition. If the underlying security gains value, then put options tend to lose value. The reason behind this is the strike price or the price at which the put contract can be executed.

Further, the Facilities Provider cannot always foresee or anticipate technical or other difficulties. These difficulties may result in loss of data, personalization settings or other facilities interruptions. The Website does not assume responsibility for the timeliness, deletion, mis-delivery, or failure to store any user data, communications, or personalization settings. To help you for your money needs you can avail the facility of MoneyForLife Planner (‘MoneyForLife Planner/ Planner’). MoneyForLife Planner facility is powered by Aditya Birla Money Limited, a subsidiary of ABCL. The Planner provides an indicative view about the generic investment opportunities available in the manner indicated by you.


Falling time value is known as time decay, a risk that options buyers dread and option sellers enjoy. As an option nears expiry, time decay means that its value will drop at an increasingly sharp rate of fall. Time to expiry is an important parameter impacting the option premium time value. Time to expiry does not have an impact on the intrinsic value but it has a strong impact on the time value of the option and thus impacts the option premium in a significant way. The longer an option has before it expires, the more time the underlying market has to pass the strike price and vice versa.

What influences the price of the call option?

However, if the spot price is less than the strike price then it is called out of the money or OTM option. In the case of put options, it will be in the money or out of the money. For example, if the put option spot price is less than the strike price then it is called the in-the-money or ITM put option. However, if the spot price is greater than the strike price then it is called out of the money or OTM put option.

In fact, it is bought with the belief that the price of the stock will move downward. Furthermore, it is one of the most favourite trading styles for those who like speculation and short selling in the stock. Tock market is one of the greatest wealth generators for investors.

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